One of Singapore’s most colourful ethnic enclaves is Little India. Known as Serangoon before the 1980s, Little India is a vibrant mix of the old and new, with century-old temples, and traditional flower garland and spice vendors flourishing next to multi-storey department stores and contemporary restaurants.

The early 20th century was a defining period that made Little India what it is today as migrants from India, China and Britain settled in the area then and established a diversity of trades and institutions.

To discover more about the enclave’s rich history and culture, go on a walking tour of the area to explore its historical landmarks, places of worship, back alleys and cool street art. We recommend starting your walk at Indian Heritage Centre and ending at Tekka Centre.

Indian Heritage Centre
5 Campbell Lane

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Credit: Indian-Heritage-Ctr_STB

Get an overview of the history of Singapore’s Indian community at the Indian Heritage Centre. Pick up a free copy of the Little India Heritage Trail booklet from the Centre’s Visitor Services Counter to read about Little India’s history as well as information about the area’s key heritage, social and cultural places.

Former House of Tan Teng Niah
37 Kerbau Road

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Credit: Singapore Tourism Board

Built in 1900, the former house of Tan Teng Niah is believed to be the last remaining Chinese villa in Little India. The colourful two-storey house is a legacy of the time when Chinese cottage industries operated alongside the Indian-dominated cattle trade in the area. Tan Teng Niah was a Chinese businessman who owned several confectionery factories along Serangoon Road and a rubber smoke-house at Kerbau Road.

Traditional Trades of Little India Mural
8 Belilios Lane

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Credit: National Heritage Board

This large mural by local artist Psyfool depicts some of the traditional trades that were commonly practiced by Indians in the Serangoon area. These include garland making, parrot astrology and dhobi (washerman).

Sri Veeramakaliamman Temple
141 Serangoon Road

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Credit: Singapore Tourism Board

The Temple was originally known in Tamil as the Soonambu Kambam Kovil or the “temple at the village of lime” because of lime kilns found in the area. Tamil workers who worked the lime pits erected a shrine dedicated to the Veeramakaliamman or the goddess Kali, a fierce incarnation of Shiva’s wife and “Destroyer of Evil” on this site as early as 1855. A temple was then built by Bengali labourers in 1881.

Mahatma Gandhi Memorial
3 Race Course Lane

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Credit: National Heritage Board

The Memorial was built in 1950 after a visit by India’s first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who laid the foundation stone on 18 June 1950. It was erected to commemorate Gandhi, a powerful symbol of peace and national cultural pride.

A Ride Through Race Course Road Mural
50 Race Course Road

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Credit: Singapore Tourism Board

The long mural was created by artist Jaxton Su with the help of teachers and students from Raffles Institution as well as migrant workers staying and working in the area. Completed in 2016, the mural depicts the activities around the former racecourse which include horse racing as well as traditional trades such as garland making.

Foochow Methodist Church
90 Race Course Road

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Credit: National Heritage Board

The beginnings of this Church can be traced to the work of German Methodist missionary Dr HLE Luering who started a mission in 1897 for rickshaw pullers, coolies and barbers from Foochow residing near Middle Road. In 1936, a residential property at 90 Race Course Road was purchased and converted to give the Church her first physical home.

Shree Lakshminarayan Temple
5 Chander Road

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Credit: National Heritage Board

Singapore’s first dedicated place of worship for North Indian Hindus, the Temple’s name is derived from a combination of the names of its main deities –Lakshmi and Narayan (Vishnu). The foundation stone for the Temple was laid in 1960 and the construction was completed around the mid-1960s with the support of and donation from almost 10,000 North Indian Hindus from all classes.

Tekka Centre
665 Buffalo Road

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Credit: Nick-D/Wikimedia Commons

One of Little India’s most prominent landmarks is Tekka Centre. Home to a food centrewet market and shops, its name comes from teh kia kha (shortened to teh kah), Hokkien for “foot of the bamboos”, a reference to the many bamboo plants growing on both sides of the Rochor Canal. Tekka is also the Mandarin word for “bamboo clumps”.

This is a great place to rest your feet and fuel up after all that walking. The food centre offers Indian favourites such as briyani (basmati rice cooked with spices and layered with meat), thosai (thin, savoury pancakes made from fermented rice flour and ground lentils, served with chutneys and lentil curry), vadai (fried savoury doughnut made from legumes such as chickpeas and lentils), naan (Indian flatbread) and chicken tikka.

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